Several Major Nutritional Elements Of Dog Food

1, carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are the main source of energy required for pets. Pets in order to ensure their own physical fitness, health, development, breeding, heart beat, blood circulation, gastrointestinal motility, muscle contraction and other activities, requires a lot of energy, and 80% of these required energy is provided by carbohydrates of. Carbohydrates include sugar and fiber.

Adult dogs daily carbohydrate requirements per kilogram of body weight 10 grams, puppies per kilogram of body weight about 15.8 grams.

2, protein

Protein is an important source of pet body tissue, somatic cell composition, protein plays a variety of functions, such as conduction, transportation, support, protection, movement and so on. Proteins also play a catalytic role in the pet life and physiological metabolic activities and play a major role in maintaining life activities.

Pet dog as a carnivore, different feed raw materials in the digestive capacity of different proteins. The majority of animal offal and fresh meat digestion capacity of 90-95%, while the plant feed such as soy protein can only digest 60-80%. If the dog food contains too much digestible plant protein, it will cause abdominal pain and even diarrhea; Moreover, too much protein requires liver degradation and renal excretion, it will increase the burden on the liver and kidneys. General adult dog protein requirements per kilogram of body weight per day 4-8 grams, growth and development of the dog is 9.6 grams.

3, fat

Fat is an important component of pet body tissue, almost involved in all cell composition and repair, in the pet skin, bones, muscles, nerves, blood, internal organs contain fat. In the dog body fat accounted for the proportion of up to their own weight of 10 to 20%;

Fat is the most important source of energy. Lack of fat will make itchy skin, dander increased, rough fur and ear infections, so that dogs become dull and nervous; and adequate intake of fat can stimulate appetite, so that food is more in line with their tastes, while promoting fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E, K absorption. Pet dogs digest the rate of fat almost 100%. Adult dog fat requirements per kilogram of body weight per day 1.2 grams, the growth and development of the dog is 2.2 grams.

4, minerals

Minerals are indispensable pets and a class of nutrients, it includes the human body needs elements such as calcium, phosphorus, zinc, copper, magnesium, potassium, iron and so on. Minerals constitute an important raw material of pet dog collective organization, to help regulate the body of acid-base balance, muscle contraction, nerve response.

Pet dogs are most likely to lack calcium and phosphorus. Lacking can lead to many skeletal diseases such as rickets, cartilage (puppies), osteoporosis (adult), postpartum bitch paralysis and so on. Calcium and phosphorus ratio imbalance can also lead to leg disease (leg lame, etc.).

The general pet feed are the lack of sodium and chlorine, so the dog food are required to add a small amount of salt (electrolytes, potassium and sodium chloride trace elements indispensable iron deficiency will be anemia; zinc deficiency will make fur dysplasia, produce dermatitis; Poor, leg thick; lack of selenium muscle weakness; iodine deficiency will affect the synthesis of thyroxine.

5, vitamins

Vitamin is a kind of low-molecular-weight organic compounds that are necessary for pet body metabolism and are rarely required. The body is generally not able to synthesize, mainly depends on the pet food dog food provided, except for several individual vitamins, most of which require the dog Added in grain. They do not provide energy, nor is the body's structural components, but the diet is absolutely indispensable, such as a long-term lack of vitamin or deficiency, can cause metabolic disorders, and the emergence of pathological conditions and the formation of vitamin deficiency.

Vitamin A, D, E, K, B vitamins (B1, B2, B6, B12, niacin, pantothenic acid, folic acid, biotin, choline) and vitamin C.

Do not worry about excessive B vitamins (excess B vitamins will be excreted). Because the dog does not eat a lot of fruit and vegetables, grains, so B vitamins are lacking for them.

Vitamin E plays a significant role in nutrition and beauty. Because vitamins are susceptible to sunlight, heating, air humidity damage, so should be added in the dog food vitamins.

6, water

Water can transport all the necessary substances in the pet dog body and exclude unwanted metabolites in the body; to promote all the chemical reactions in the body; through the unconscious water evaporation and sweat secretion to distribute a lot of heat to regulate body temperature; joint synovial fluid, Gastrointestinal mucus have a good lubrication.

Adult dogs per kilogram of body weight per day should be given 100 ml of clean water; puppies for 150 ml of drinking water. Should be the day to the dog water supply, let its free to drink. But the water content of dog food can not exceed 10%.